Untitled, 1967

gouache and paint tubes in polyester resin

9 7/8 x 9 7/8 x 9 1/2 inches

Raymond Hains
Seita, Saffa (Allumettes de Fumes), 1970
painted wood construction
44 x 28 x 13 inches

Robert Rauschenberg
Sloop (Spread), 1977
solvent transfer on fabric collaged to wood with crushed can, safety pins and screws
42 x 36 x 1 3/4 inches

Robert Rauschenberg
Port Holes (Copperhead), 1989
acrylic and enamel on copper with brass frame
36 3/4 x 49 inches

Robert Rauschenberg
From the Bleacher Series: Fan and Man I, 1989
manipulated black and white Polaroid on aluminum
24 x 29 inches

Roy Lichtenstein

Crying Girl, 1963

offset lithograph printed in colors, unnumbered edition

17 3/8 x 23 1/4 inches

Polly Apfelbaum
Bring Back the Funk, 1997-2013
synthetic crushed velvet
dimensions variable

Jasper Johns
High School Days, 1969
lead relief with mirror]
23 x 17 inches

Richard Artschwager

Pregunta II, 1983

painted wood in two parts, edition 5/6

29 1/2 x 11 x 2 inches 

Claes Oldenburg
Cigarettes with Smoke, 1968
wood, painted wood and canvas in six parts
30 x 30 inches

Alex Katz
Study for the Light, 1973
oil on aluminum
21 1⁄2 x 21 1⁄2 x 2 1⁄8 inches

Alex Katz

Superb Lilies #1, 1966

oil on canvas

45 1/2 x 48 1/4 inches 

Thomas Chimes

Nautical, 1969
mixed media box construction
14 x 17 inches

Thomas Chimes metal box Locks Gallery

Thomas Chimes

Rider, 1970

mixed media metal box

14 5/16 x 17 5/16 inches

Robert Morris

Untitled, 1965

egg tempera, graphite and wood construction on masonite

9 1/4 x 12 1/8 inches 

Ray Johnson

Ray Johnson

Elsa Schiaparelli's Fingernails, 1973

mixed media collage on paper

15 3/4 x 15 3/4 inches 

Press Release

Locks Gallery is pleased to present Pop Réal, a group exhibition that examines the intersection of two
influential art movements of the twentieth century: Pop Art in America and Nouveau Réalisme in
Europe. Both movements, arising from the turbulent socio-political climate of the mid-20th century,
articulate the role of representation in popular culture and fine arts. The vibrant exhibition features
work by more than twenty internationally acclaimed artists from both continents to represent a clash
of culture, consumption, and political protest.

At first glance, the word “Pop” evokes lighthearted, iconic images typical of a Google search--
Brillo™ boxes and Marilyns, or the soft sculptures of Oldenberg. However, on closer examination,
the work underscores the pathos of consumerism and advertising through appropriated images of
everyday objects. In his 1968 lecture at MoMA, critic and scholar Leo Steinberg stated, “When Roy
Lichtenstein in the early sixties painted an Air Force officer kissing his girl goodbye, the actual subject
matter was the mass-produced, comic-book image; benday dots and stereotyped drawing ensured
that the image was understood as a representation of printed matter.”

Simultaneously in Europe, in a manifesto penned by art critic Pierre Restany and artist Yves Klein,
the Nouveau Réalisme artists proclaimed a new return to realism; a movement aimed at describing
an ordinary, everyday reality without idealization. In an attempt to avoid the trappings of abstract
and figurative art, the artists made extensive use of collage and assemblage, appropriating images
and incorporating real objects into the work. Restany described the methods as a “poetic recycling of
urban, industrial, and advertising reality.”

The language of Pop Réal is evidenced by different media, forms, and content. The exhibition
considers works by famed Nouveau Réalisme artists such as Arman and Raymond Hains alongside
the likes of American counterparts Robert Rauschenberg and Richard Artschwager, as well as
a younger generation of contemporary artists who came of age in the wake of Pop Art. As Roy
Lichtenstein famously stated, “The things that I have parodied I actually admire.” This admiration
of the mundane or kitsch can be seen throughout the exhibition whether via Polly Apfelbaum’s
polychromatic floral polaroids or Lichtenstein’s images of love and war in his famed, distinctive

Other artists featured in Pop Réal include Alex Katz, Jasper Johns, Claes Oldenberg, Thomas Chimes,
Robert Morris, George Segal, Ray Johnson, and Noel Mahaffey. A 64-page llustrated catalog
is available at the gallery.

Back To Top